{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 930, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/930", "Disp_Access_No" : "13-G-3549J", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 1946", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1941", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1951", "Disp_Title" : "Lumber Workers, from "Mexican People" portfolio", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Alfredo Zalce", "Sort_Artist" : "Zalce, Alfredo", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 1/2 x 15 in. (44.5 x 38.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "15 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sheet", "Medium" : "Lithograph", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "See comment for 13-G-3549A "The large logs of mahogany that arrive at Ciudad del Carmen are brought from the jungles of Chiapas. To transport them there, they are put into the river and towed to the sea, a trip that lasts several weeks. When they are near the beach, the ends are sawed off to make the logs all the same size. Then they are picked up by the boats that carry them to foreign countries such as the United States and Europe. This lithograph depicts the moment when the workers cut the ends of the logs. This work is very wearing because of the primitive conditions under which it must be done, standing in the sea up to the waist, under an exhausting tropical sun." <i>"A ciudad del Carmen llegan los grandes troncos de caoba, que son traidos de las selvas de Chiapas. Para transportarlos, se ponen en los ríos y son remolcados hasta el mar, viaje que dura algunas semanas. Cuando están cercade la playa son cortados de sus extremos hasta tener todos una misma medida. Entonces han cuedado listos para ser recogidas por barcos que los llevan al extrenjero—E.U. y Europa. La litografía representa el momento en que los trabajadores cortan los extremos del tronco, trabajo sumamente penoso, por las condiciones primitivas en que tiene que hacerse, sumidos en el mar hasta la cintura, y bajo um clima tropical extenuante."</i> ", "Dedication" : "", "Copyright_Type" : "© Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "PRINTS", "Creation_Place2" : "Mexico", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/13-G-3549J.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/13-G-3549J.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/13-G-3549J.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/13-G-3549J.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5998", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 925, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/925", "Disp_Access_No" : "13-G-3549E", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 1946", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1941", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1951", "Disp_Title" : "Henequen Plant, from "Mexican People" portfolio", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Alfredo Zalce", "Sort_Artist" : "Zalce, Alfredo", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 1/2 x 15 in. (44.5 x 38.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "15 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sheet", "Medium" : "Lithograph", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "See comment for 13-G-3549A "To visit the “training schools” as these plants are called with their mechanical installations for extracting the fiber of the maguey is to witness one of the most interesting aspects of this work. The pressing machines are located near the platforms which are loaded with leaves. These mountains of leaves, each cut by hand, and chosen carefully leaf by leaf, already represent tremendous labor. These prickly leaves are immediately put through a complicated process. They are pressed, washed, bleached, sun dried, and then the fibers are combed. Once the fibers are separated by types, they are sent in packages to the rope and cord factories in Merida, capital of Yucatan, from where the finished product is sent to the markets of the world. Fiber and fiber making is the main product and source of income of this state." <i>"Visitar el “plantel” como se lo llama en el lugar, con sus instalaciones mecánicas para la extracción de la fibra de henequen, es probablemente, asistir a uno de los aspectos más interesantes de este trabajo. Al lugar donde se encuentran las máquinas exprimidoras, llegan plataformas cargadas de hojas de henequen, cuyo corte a mano, escogiendo cada hoja ya significa un trabajo tremendo. Estas pencas son sometidas immediatamente a un proceso complicao—exprimir, lavar, blanquear, y secar el sol, pienar las fibras, etc., etc. Separada la fibra por clases se manda en pacas a las fábricas de cordelería de Mérida, capital de Yucatán, de donde sale a surtir los mercados mundiales. Como es sabido, el henequen es el único cultivo de importancia en el Estado y su principal riqueza."</i> ", "Dedication" : "", "Copyright_Type" : "© Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "PRINTS", "Creation_Place2" : "Mexico", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/13-G-3549E.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/13-G-3549E.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/13-G-3549E.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/13-G-3549E.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5993", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }