{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 932, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/932", "Disp_Access_No" : "13-G-3549L", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 1946", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1941", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1951", "Disp_Title" : "Working with Ixtle, from "Mexican People" portfolio", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Fernando Castro Pacheco", "Sort_Artist" : "Pacheco, Fernando Castro", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 1/2 x 15 in. (44.5 x 38.1 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "15 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sheet", "Medium" : "Lithograph", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "See comment for 13-G-3549A "In the valley of Mezquital, a large region in state of Hidalgo, exists one of the poorest indigenous groups of all Mexico. On the extremely arid ground of this valley grow plants and bushes such as “huizaches,” “magueyes” and other classes of cactus. It is possible to assert that the maguey is actually the center of existence for the entire population of this valley. From the maguey come their homes, their beds and a great portion of their food. The pulp which they extract from the maguey, when combined with maize, forms the basis of their food; but there is something more they extract from the maguey—the fiber of the tenderest prickly leaves. With these fibers, the natives weave fabrics and make rope, using the tools inherited by the community from their pre-Hispanic forebears. The entire family works at this primitive industry; even the children walk through the thickets busily spinning by turning spindles with their small hands. In this way, they do their share in helping the family earn a livelihood." <i>"En el valle de Mezquital, extensa región del estado de Hidalgo, se encuentra uno de los núcleos indígenas más pobres de México. Sobre la tremenda aridez de este valle, crecen plantas y arbustos como los mezquites, los huizaches, los magueyes y otras clases de cactus. Puede decirse que el maguey es para la población otomi de este valle el centro de toda su existencia. Del maguey sale la casa, el lecho, y en gran proporción, el alimento de estos indígenas. El pulque que extraen del maguey y el maíz, forman la base de su alimentación; pero hay algo más que sacar del maguey; la fibra fibra que producen sus pencas más tiernas. Con ellas, estos indígenas, hacen tejidos y cordeles, usando de los instrumentos que los legó tanto la colonia como so pasado prehispánico. Toda la fimilia trabaja en este primitive industria, a los niños se les encuentra caminando entre los matorrales ocupados en hilar dando vueltas sus pequeñas manos al malacate (huso). En esta forma cumplen su tarea de trabajo para ayudar a conseguir el sustento de toda la familia."</i> ", "Dedication" : "", "Copyright_Type" : "Artwork © the artist or artist's estate", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "PRINTS", "Creation_Place2" : "Mexico", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/13-G-3549L.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/13-G-3549L.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/13-G-3549L.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/13-G-3549L.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "6000", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }